Starting Seeds Without a Greenhouse

When we were still in the dreaming phase of starting our market garden, the visions we painted in our head always seemed to include a few greenhouses. Large, beautiful caterpillar shaped vessels filled with flower and vegetable starts. Can you picture them?

But as we moved into to our first year of production, we quickly realized the cost of starting business was more than we had bargained for. Dreams, you might say, crashed head first into reality. So sacrifices needed to be made, and our greenhouse plans were pushed down the road.

But that hasn’t kept us from starting our own seeds for transplants. As a matter of fact, we are actively planning on ramping up our seed start production significantly this year. We plan on not only growing all of our own transplants (instead of buying half of them at the big box stores) but also making some available to our customers for retail later this spring. And we are doing it all in our basement on a minimum budget.

Starting seeds indoors can be easy. It’s fun to be able to actually plant something when its 8 below outside! With just a few basic things you can turn almost any space in your house into a grow room.

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We’ll be starting with a couple varieties of peppers. Peppers take a while to germinate, and even longer to grow. So even thought we start most of our seeds in Feb, we’re going to get a jump on some of our peppers this month.

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Although we’re starting to gravitate toward using cell trays like these we still plant a lot of our starts using Jiffy Pellets. These are a simple way to germinate seeds for any gardener.

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What are Jiffy pellets? They are little pods made of condensed peat. When you apply water they swell in size, making a nice little habitat for a seed.

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Apply water slowly over the Jiffy pellets. Don’t completely submerge them, but rather let them absorb the water. Once your pellets rise, your tray should be clear of water, otherwise you’ll promote mold. Make sure you drain off any excess before you place your seeds.

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Place one to two seeds in the center of the pellet. We’ll just barely cover our pepper seeds to allow light to penetrate the peat. How deep you plant your seed will depend on what you’re trying to germinate.

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Make sure you mark your varieties so you know what you’ve got germinated. We’re planting two different pepper varieties in this tray. The Wenks hot peppers will likely germinate later than the sweet pepper. Just for reference, there’s about 90 potential pepper plants represented on this one tray. I say potential because its possible not all of your seeds will germinate.

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Cover with a plastic lid. This will trap in moisture and heat that will create a greenhouse effect. Again, its’ important not to completely saturate your pellets. Be careful when watering. Too much and your seed will rot, or you’ll grow moss or mold that will contribute to disease.

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We’ll place the trays underneath our lights. You can see our setup is pretty simple. We used inexpensive shelving that I already had lying around. We bought LED lights like these at Sam’s Club. You don’t need to spend a lot of money on expensive grow bulbs if you’re working with a temperature controlled space. These LED lights don’t put out a lot of heat, but it’s plenty warm in our basement. They are plenty bright though, and because they don’t put out much heat I don’t have to worry about them burning down the house.

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Here’s a look at our basic setup. Is it fancy? No, but it really does the job. We currently have three of these shelving units, with two lights each. Since we’re doubling our growing effort this winter we’ll be adding more shelves, and I’ll update with more pics once we get a little further down the road.

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Make sure you have plenty of help. As you can see, planting seeds is fun for the whole family, and absolutely Batman approved!

No matter your level or the size of your garden, starting seeds at home is very simple, and you don’t need to spend a lot of money doing it. Start small, learn and have fun experimenting. Growing you’re own vegetables is a journey that offers many rewards.

So what about that greenhouse we were dreaming about? We’re still dreaming. Maybe next year it’ll be in the budget. As our production increases so will our space requirements. But we may be able to squeeze yet another year out of the basement. It’s not completely full of plants yet!

 

2 comments on “Starting Seeds Without a Greenhouse”

  1. I have a four shelf unit that I built of wood, with 2 lights per shelf. Last year I did 4200 seedlings in my basement. Having had commercial greenhouses for decades (and paying those enormous heating bills, plus all the maintenance) I’m amazed that I can produce so many happy plants for a few pennies each in such a small space. Best of luck in your upcoming season.

  2. It’s good to hear that you’ve had success growing plants at a lower cost in the basement! Maybe that means we’re not as crazy as our neighbors think. Encouraging to hear your experience.

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